4d: Using Advanced Questioning Techniques
In this module, faculty learn how to plan a questioning strategy that prompts critical thinking. The module also helps instructors use advanced questioning techniques, like the Socratic Method, and activities for helping students develop their own questioning skills.
To satisfy the module requirements, faculty must apply at least one technique, such as using a taxonomy to appropriately scaffold questions, using the CLOSE-UP method, or assigning students a task that requires them to write their own questions.
This module is one of five modules under ACUE’s unit on Promoting Higher Order Thinking.
Advising Subject Matter Expert(s)
Boettcher, J. V. (2018). Socratic questioning sequence. Unpublished manuscript. Designing for Learning: Tallahasse, FL.
Boettcher, J. V., & Conrad, R.-M. (2016). The online teaching survival guide: Simple and practical pedagogical tips. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Bloom, B. S., Engelhart, M. D., Furst, E. J., Hill, W. H., & Krathwohl, D. R. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: The classification of educational goals. Handbook I: Cognitive domain. New York, NY: McKay.
Brookfield, S. D., & Preskill, S. (2016). The discussion book: 50 great ways to get people talking. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Chase, B., Germundsen, R., Cady Brownstein, J., & Schaak Distad, L. (2001). Making the connection between increased student learning and reflective practice. Educational Horizons, 79, 143–147.
Elder, L., & Paul, R. (2009). The thinker’s guide to the art of asking essential questions (4th ed.). Dillon Beach, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.
Lemons, P. P., & Lemons, J. D. (2013). Questions for assessing higher-order cognitive skills: It’s not just Bloom’s. CBE Life Sciences Education, 12, 47–58.
Nilson, L. B. (2010). Teaching at its best: A research-based resource for college instructors (3rd ed.). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Paul, R., & Elder, L. (1997, April). Socratic teaching. Retrieved from http://www.criticalthinking.org/pages/socratic-teaching/606
Paul, R., & Elder, L. (2006). The thinker’s guide to the art of Socratic Questioning (4th ed.). Dillon Beach, CA: Foundation for Critical Thinking.